united states – Liby Amazigh http://libyamazigh.org/ Tue, 01 Mar 2022 13:53:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://libyamazigh.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/cropped-icon-1-32x32.png united states – Liby Amazigh http://libyamazigh.org/ 32 32 Dine Diaspora Announces Winners of 2022 5th Annual Black Women in Food Awards https://libyamazigh.org/dine-diaspora-announces-winners-of-2022-5th-annual-black-women-in-food-awards/ Tue, 01 Mar 2022 13:53:00 +0000 https://libyamazigh.org/dine-diaspora-announces-winners-of-2022-5th-annual-black-women-in-food-awards/

WASHINGTON, March 1, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Dine Diaspora announces its incredible 2022 list of famous and groundbreaking black women, including judges: Enjoy your meal Chief Editor Dawn Davis, James Beard Foundation Awards Director Dawn Padmore, Closest Uncle’s Master Blender Victoria Eady Butler, and more to present 31 black women around the world with their 5th Annual Black Women in Food award.

The 2022 Judges List has selected the following 31 women in the following categories categories :

Game Changer:

  • Gabrielle EW CarterCo-Founder, Tall Grass Food Box (Apex, North CarolinaUNITED STATES)
  • Kiki LouyaChef and Executive Director, Restaurant Workers’ Community Foundation (Detroit, MichiganUNITED STATES)
  • Tambra Raye StevensonFounder and CEO of WANDA: Women Advancing Nutrition Dietetics and Agriculture (washington d.c.UNITED STATES)
  • Mavis Jay SandersChef, Director of Operations, The Brownsville Community Culinary Center and Director of Culinary Development and Education, Drive Change (New York, NYUNITED STATES)
  • Sinnidra TaylorFounder and Director, Friends of Codey’s NOLA (New Orleans, LAUNITED STATES)

Innovator:

  • dr. Lisa DysonFounder and CEO, Air Protein (San Francisco, CaliforniaUNITED STATES)
  • Janique EdwardsCOO and co-founder, EatOkra (Brooklyn, New YorkUNITED STATES)
  • Riana LynnCEO and Founder, Journey Foods (Austin, TXUNITED STATES)
  • Lesley RileyFounder and CEO, Mama’s Biscuits (Germantown, MDUNITED STATES)
  • Lost and Spencer, Co-founder, AYO Foods (Chicago, ILUNITED STATES)

Pioneer:

  • Marguerite NyamumboFounder and CEO of Kahawa 1893, (San Francisco, CaliforniaUNITED STATES)
  • Ndidi Okonkwo NwuneliCo-founder and Executive Chairman of Sahel Consulting Agriculture & Nutrition, Co-founder of AACE Foods and Founder of Nourishing Africa (Lagos, Nigeria)
  • Zella PalmerDirector, Dillard University Ray Charles Program in African American Material Culture (New Orleans, NYUNITED STATES)
  • Karen Washingtonco-owner/farmer, Rise & Root Farm (BronxNew York, United States)
  • dr. Veronica L. WomackExecutive Director, Georgia College and State University Institute of Rural Studies (Milledgeville, GeorgiaUNITED STATES)

Creator:

  • Ronke Edohonutritionist, author, founder, 9jafoodie (Saskatchewan, Canada)
  • Courtnee Futchchef, mixologist, author and senior content manager, Haven’s Kitchen (New York, NYUNITED STATES)
  • Jillian Knoxinterdisciplinary polymath artist (San Francisco, CaliforniaUNITED STATES)
  • Amber MayfieldProducer of multidisciplinary events, Entertainment expert, Founder of To Be Hosted (New Rochelle, NYUNITED STATES)
  • Cha McCoysommelier, speaker, founder of Cha Squared Consulting LLC (New York, NYUNITED STATES)

Culinary:

  • Auzerais BellamyFounder, Blondery (Brooklyn, New YorkUNITED STATES)
  • Eden Gebre EgziabherChef and Owner, Makina Cafe (New York, NYUNITED STATES)
  • Zola Nenechef, media personality, food stylist and cookbook author (Cape Town, South Africa)
  • Ashley PearsonOwner and Pastry Chef/Chocolatier, Little Sister (washington d.c.UNITED STATES)
  • Rasheeda PurdieChef and owner, Ramen by Rā (New York, NYUNITED STATES)
  • Diana TandiaChef and Owner, Berber Street Food (New York, NYUNITED STATES)
  • Brittney ‘Stikxz’ WilliamsPrivate Chef, Caterer and Food Stylist (New York, NYUNITED STATES)

Amplifier:

  • Chasity Cooperaward-winning writer, entrepreneur and wine culture expert (Chicago, ILUNITED STATES)
  • Osayi Endolynaward-winning writer, co-author, THE RISE: Black Cooks and the Soul of American Food
  • (Brooklyn, New YorkUNITED STATES)
  • Cynthia Greenlee, writer and historian. Contributing Editor, Scalawag (Durham, North CarolinaUNITED STATES)
  • Nikita Richardsoneditor of the New York Times Food and Cooking (New York, NYUNITED STATES)

Co-founders of Dine Diaspora Maame Boakye and Nina Oduro launched her black female-owned and operated agency, steeped in cuisine, community and commerce in washington d.c. connecting people and brands to the food culture of the African Diaspora. Dine Diaspora is also celebrating its 7th anniversary this year and has successfully provided digital marketing, design and production of immersive dining experiences, influencer engagement and resource development for food companies.

Diaspora dinner will highlight each 2022 winner daily on its website (https://www.blackwomeninfood.org/judges) and on its social media platforms.

Media Contact:
Kim WilsonMarshall
[email protected]
646-721-4375

SOURCE Diaspora Dinner

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Will Smith’s daughter under fire for portraying Amazighs as ‘thieves’ in her book https://libyamazigh.org/will-smiths-daughter-under-fire-for-portraying-amazighs-as-thieves-in-her-book/ Wed, 23 Feb 2022 14:30:56 +0000 https://libyamazigh.org/will-smiths-daughter-under-fire-for-portraying-amazighs-as-thieves-in-her-book/ Amazighs criticized Willow Smith’s novel for portraying the community in the same colonialist tone that savagely stigmatized them for decades.

Willow Smith accused of spreading “hate” against Amazighs in her latest novel. [Getty]

The daughter of Hollywood actor Will Smith is being criticized for portraying Amazighs, the indigenous people of North Africa, as ‘dangerous thieves’ in her upcoming novel Black Shield Maiden.

Willow Smith, a 21-year-old singer, songwriter and activist, is set to launch a fantasy novel on October 4 about two women navigating their destinies in a strange world of “savage shield maidens, tyrannical rulers and mysterious gods”. .

The book’s publisher, Penguin UK, released an exclusive excerpt from Smith’s story earlier this month, which includes a paragraph titled “Amazigh”.

“The Amazigh are dangerous when they are at their best. They have little regard for those who do not worship the Muslim god – and even their own tribes are always at war with each other. … The desert is lawless, and those who do not revere not traveling under the protection of Ghāna may fall prey to Amazigh thieves and slavers,” the excerpt reads.

Smith’s story, which apparently does not discriminate between Muslims and Amazighs, sparked outrage on social media, with users decrying such “offensive and horrific” statements about the Amazigh community.

“How could a privileged person like Willow Smith not find someone to educate her, or at least inform her, about the Amazigh community and Muslims before posting such nonsense?” tweeted an account that would belong to a North African woman.

Thousands of years before the rise of Islam and Christianity, the Amazigh community ruled over territories that stretched from the Canary Islands off the West African coast to western Egypt. They believed in animism – the belief that all living things, including plants and animals, have a soul and a spirit.

Islam spread to Amazigh societies following Arab invasions and power shifts through Arab and Amazigh dynasties. While some Amazighs have embraced Christianity and Judaism, others have chosen to retain their ancient faith.

Pakistan-based Muslim book blogger Sudra, who shed light on the controversy surrounding Smith’s book in a wire on Twitter, said The new Arabic that Penguin UK had contacted Muslim book bloggers to promote the soon-to-be-released novel.

“I am not Amazigh, so I cannot speak on behalf of the community. But many book blogger friends contacted me after they received the Penguin email about the book. This is how we became aware of this concerning content,” Sudra said. The new Arabic.

Penguin promoted the book as “an epic series of medieval fantasy that will make visible the stories and mythologies of medieval African peoples and women”, which have long been erased by mainstream Western narratives.

On the contrary, the Amazigh community argues that Smith’s fantasy novel is written in the same colonialist tone that savagely stigmatized them for decades.

In Western history books, Amazighs were once called “Berbers” (barbarians), a pejorative term that was first adopted by the ancient Greeks in reference to indigenous communities, i.e. non-Greek gibberish speakers. Centuries later, French colonization used the same term to belittle and vilify local communities like other uncivilized ones.

“Why does Willow Smith hate my people? It’s bizarre and unacceptable, and I hate that this bigoted fictional character is the first introduction to Amazigh culture for American audiences,” said Amber, a Moroccan Amazigh who lives in the United States. The new Arabic.

In the wake of growing backlash, book co-author Jess Hendel noted on Instagram that the novel “directly tackles prejudices about Amazigh and other Islamic peoples”, adding that “they have done a ton of research on the early Islamic caliphates and their many complexities and overlooked contributions”.

Despite Hendel’s defense of his research efforts, the published excerpt has already offended members of the Amazigh community, which includes more than 25 million people scattered between Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania and Tunisia.

Willow Smith and Penguin UK have yet to respond to the ongoing controversy.

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Long March for Öcalan’s Freedom – Medya News https://libyamazigh.org/long-march-for-ocalans-freedom-medya-news/ Mon, 14 Feb 2022 06:30:40 +0000 https://libyamazigh.org/long-march-for-ocalans-freedom-medya-news/

Activists from 21 different countries took part in the long march organized to protest against the captivity of Abdullah Öcalan, the leader of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), who is imprisoned in solitary confinement on the island of İmrali, in Turkey, since 1999.

The march, which was attended by more than 150 activists from internationalist groups, started in Frankfurt on February 6 and protesters marched 160 km to Strasbourg. The event, held for the sixth time this year, brought together members of various political groups from Catalonia, the Basque Country, France, Switzerland, Belgium, Spain, Germany, Scotland, England, Morocco, Denmark, Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Netherlands, China, Ireland, Armenia and Ukraine.

Some of the activists spoke with Yeni Özgür Politika and explained why they took part in the march and what Öcalan meant to them.

From the United States to join the march

Mei Zhang (26) is a Chinese-American whose family immigrated to the United States years ago. She grew up in Seattle, Washington. She is active in labor unions and works for the American people to recognize and support popular solidarity in Rojava and Abdullah Öcalan’s call for freedom. She attends the march from Frankfurt to Saarbrücken with two of her friends.

“I am inspired by the philosophy of Öcalan”

She considers it essential to support Öcalan’s freedom march because she and her friends in the United States are very inspired by Öcalan’s ideas. Mei Zhang says, “Although the long march of the internationalists is under the slogan ‘Freedom for Öcalan’, people from different cultures and nationalities can share ideas here too. People have the chance to recognize the solidarity of the other. In this sense, internationalists have much to learn from this march. I think internationalists should thank the Kurdish liberation movement for organizing such an event.

“I will continue to walk with the Kurdish people”

Mei Zhang says that as a feminist and activist, she is very inspired by the solidarity of Kurdish women. She adds, “Our leader Mao, who led the Chinese revolution, also did important things for women. But Öcalan’s ideas and works are very different. Öcalan says that the freedom of women is the freedom of the people. As a woman, I respect the importance given to women by Öcalan and the Kurdish popular movement. I thank the Kurdish people for this opportunity. I had the chance to get to know the Kurds better during this walk. From now on, I will continue to walk with the Kurdish people.”

“We are grateful to Öcalan”

Marco Rovigo (27) is taking part in the march from Italy. Marco explains that he knew the Kurdish people because of the Rojava revolution and that he particularly studied the Kurdish movement at that time. He went to Afrin for three months in 2019 to discover Rojava. There he had the chance to know the Kurdish people. He explains that he knows Kurdish people to be warm, friendly and offended. He says he is really impressed by the atmosphere of the long organized freedom march in Öcalan.

“It creates a great atmosphere when people from different cultures come together in a different region and in a different culture for a worthy cause, and walk together for a week. I am grateful to dear great Öcalan for creating this opportunity. I read some of his books to learn his ideas before coming here. After coming here, I once again realized the influence of Öcalan.

“Let’s make the colonialists shiver!”

Yasmina El-Taouai (23), who is attending the march from Morocco, says Öcalan has been unjustly detained for 23 years and is attending the march to protest against Öcalan’s 23-year wrongful imprisonment.

She adds: “Such demonstrations are so important for the freedom of dear Öcalan and the Kurdish people. No one can close their ears to so many people from all over the world shouting: “Freedom for Öcalan! I believe that by shouting here today, we make the colonialists shiver in their shoes. That is why they tried to prevent us from meeting here today. But they failed miserably against our solidarity.

“We take Kurdish women as role models”

El-Taouai says the Amazigh people have long been fighting for their freedom, as have the Kurds.

“In this context, the Amazighs are those who best understand the Kurdish struggle for freedom. We share the same destiny. We must become partners in our fight as people of two different nations. I see that recently young Amazighs have been leaving for the mountains of Kurdistan out of solidarity and to improve their skills. The Amazigh people have a lot to learn from the Kurdish liberation movement and the Kurdish women’s movement. We particularly take Kurdish women as role models from an organizational point of view.

She adds: “The louder we shout our demands, the more our enemies will be frightened. The louder we shout, the sooner Öcalan will get his freedom.

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Morocco – well placed to benefit from Europe’s energy transition https://libyamazigh.org/morocco-well-placed-to-benefit-from-europes-energy-transition/ Wed, 19 Jan 2022 19:59:56 +0000 https://libyamazigh.org/morocco-well-placed-to-benefit-from-europes-energy-transition/

Population: 37.13 million (+1.2% vs 2020)

GDP per capita (PPP): $7,360 (+0.9% compared to 2020)

Debt to GDP: 76.6% (+1.2% vs 2019)

Power per capita: 765 kWh

Reduced fossil fuel subsidies, CSP leader

By the end of 2020, Morocco had 1.4 GW of installed wind, 530 MW of CSP and just 220 MW of solar PV, meaning total solar has only reached a third of its old 2020 target. With hydropower at 1.77 GW and 465 MW of pumped hydropower, the country already has a significant amount of clean energy – 3950 GW out of a total of over 10 GW. The rest of the electricity is mainly coal, dependent on Russian imports, with a small amount of natural gas. A new coal-fired power plant was commissioned in 2021, but the country then promised at COP26 not to build any more.

By 2030, Morocco aims to achieve 20% solar, 20% wind and 12% hydroelectricity in its energy mix, compared to 35% in 2019. Nuclear has been considered with a nuclear training center created in March 2021, and maybe there will indeed eventually be a nuclear power plant using SMR or some other modern technology. The country has room for at least several gigawatts of additional hydropower.

Surprisingly for a desert country, wind is still envisioned to be built as much as solar – and a look at a wind speed map shows you why. The southwest coast has almost the same wind speeds as the North Sea – but it has them on land. It is an exceptional resource that helps explain the reassertion of the Moroccan occupation of Western Sahara – more on that later.

Morocco’s NDC under the Paris Climate Agreement was updated last June with a 45.5% reduction in emissions by 2030, 60% of which depends on foreign aid. The phosphate industry – for which Morocco has three-quarters of the world’s reserves and the third largest production – has gained particular recognition as an emissions reduction target.

So far, Morocco’s most unusual achievement in the energy transition is its CSP networks – 530 MW, or 8% of the world’s total CSP. He was also a pioneer in North Africa as the first to reduce fossil fuel subsidies. Morocco has only set up a national oil and gas projects division of the National Office of Hydrocarbons and Mines (ONHYM) a few months ago, in November. If a large and suitable offshore gas field is discovered, you could see Western oil majors investing in new gas development in the country, but at this point in history, the “end of the beginning” of the energy transition, that seems unlikely. outside. Even the existing gas trade between Nigeria and Europe via pipeline died out after the failed renewal of the transit agreement with Algeria.

A not-quite-stagnant economy

In terms of wealth per capita, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and even Libya are surprisingly close to each other – but Morocco does so without Algeria’s fossil fuels – the country imports 91% of its gas and 99% of its oil – and with an HDI ranking. 45% of the population is employed in the agricultural sector once forestry and fishing are included and the sector accounts for 15% of GDP. You might think that Morocco doesn’t have the best agricultural land and you would be right. Agriculture is an investment that does not pay off quickly, any more than the fight against rebels in the Sahara, which has cost the country tens of billions over the past half century.

With a low-skilled workforce, manufacturing is also limited to lower-value propositions, and according to some reports, education levels may even drop. Currently, literacy is on par with Tunisia and Algeria at 79%, but the Arabization language policy and other factors have resulted in poor performance of Moroccan schools. Arabization aimed to sideline the Amazigh Berber language, a policy that was reversed by the new prime minister. But what Moroccans need most is to be able to speak English for business and work, a language that was only mandated to be taught in schools in 2002. European languages ​​left behind legacy of colonial times are the Spanish and French and the Amazigh-Arab dispute. is also a distraction. France is an important trading partner but that doesn’t go any further.

All in all, you have a poor country that still only has a growth rate of between 2% and 4% in most years, with its main sectors like tourism, agriculture, textiles and phosphates – all very basic efforts.

The silver lining is car manufacturing, which could account for up to 25% of GDP this year, with local content reaching 60%. The finance and sales destination is Western Europe, but Tesla’s electric vehicle chip manufacturing has also been the subject of noise. This industry and others will be bolstered by Morocco’s high-speed rail infrastructure projects, which could eventually extend to West Africa after recent military successes against rebel forces in the south of the country. Although the country is both poor and has poor institutions at best, it is more open for business than its neighbors and has some potential.

Conflict in Western Sahara reignited by developments

Morocco is a hybrid democracy. Real elections take place, but political parties are tamed by a monarchy that still wields great formal power. As a result, even under the Justice and Development Party (PJD), which is supposed to be Islamist in the style of the Muslim Brotherhood in a context of democracy and monarchy in Morocco, the burqa was banned in 2017 and diplomatic relations were established with Israel last year. . The PJD totally collapsed in the 2021 elections to be replaced by even more secular parties. Fame and clientelism guide the actions of Moroccan politicians more than ideology or vision.

The reconciliation with Israel has been overseen by the United States, with which it is strongly allied, including at the intelligence level, but it is the EU which is of course Morocco’s largest destination for exports and emigrants. . Then there is China – Morocco signed a Belt and Road Implementation Plan just weeks ago, making it the first state in North Africa to pass a protocol. ‘OK.

Morocco’s diplomatic standing is currently weak, feuding with Spain and France and ending official diplomatic contact with Germany, over all their stance on its dominance of Western Sahara. Like Turkey, the country can choose the extent to which it suppresses migration entering Europe through its territory, and its intelligence alliance with the West is also important in suppressing Islamist terrorism. Meanwhile, some politicians in the United States are calling for the revocation of American recognition of Moroccan sovereignty in Western Sahara – this recognition is how President Trump bought Morocco’s recognition of Israel.

The Western Sahara conflict dates back to 1975, but there was a ceasefire in 1991 that was only recently broken by Morocco, which forcibly restored the land route to Mauritania.

Algeria’s support for the Polisario Front, which is the Sahrawi independence movement in Western Sahara, is also one of the main reasons for the bad relations between it and Morocco, while Algeria is unhappy that Morocco is on good terms with Israel and accuses it of supporting the Berber secessionist movement MAK.

At least so far, these quarrels have not hampered existing trade, especially not with Algeria since this border has been closed since 1994 anyway. But Morocco could always use new agreements and more direct investment. foreigners – it usually receives 2 or 3 billion dollars a year, mainly from Western Europe.

Renewables could use a subsidy or auction system

Amusingly, the Polisario Front has accused Morocco of using green energy developments in Western Sahara to legitimize its occupation – this kind of “greenwashing” is new! The Front even produced its own net zero plan, drawn up with the help of some Western intellectuals. It is very likely that the Sahrawi cause still does not receive any substantial help outside of Algeria, and these intellectuals are just idealistic NGO types.

Another possibility worth mentioning for Morocco’s green future is the construction of solar power in North Africa coupled with UHVDC lines transmitting it to Europe. The Morocco-UK power project envisions a 3.6 GW, 3,800 kilometer subsea HVDC line across Devon. This line would cost billions with a power loss of up to 15% in transit, but would still be very attractive – giving Morocco a new export and the UK more capacity to use solar power. CSP’s presence in Morocco could also come into play with energy storage amplifying the ability to use the line consistently, but project developer XLinks seems more interested so far in a 5 GW battery complex and 4 hours accompanying 10.5 GW of solar and wind power.

Along the same lines, the Western Sahara region is perfect for green hydrogen production – excellent land availability, wind and sun, coastal, on the doorstep of Europe. But Morocco only has a 100 MW hydrogen tender scheduled for 2022, just as it has only installed 200 MW of photovoltaics. For wind power alone, Morocco has pledged to mobilize $1.6 billion in global financing for a 1 GW wind power program, which will be commissioned nationwide by 2024.

It is therefore a country in a good position, but it still has to seriously encourage renewable energies or establish a lot of significant short-term ambitions. Most likely, Morocco is still waiting for this foreign aid and the ideas mentioned in its NDC.

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Almanac – Thursday 01/13/22 | KALW https://libyamazigh.org/almanac-thursday-01-13-22-kalw/ Thu, 13 Jan 2022 13:41:00 +0000 https://libyamazigh.org/almanac-thursday-01-13-22-kalw/

Today is Thursday, January 13, 2022,

January 13 is the 13th day of the year

352 days remain until the end of the year

the sun will rise in San Francisco at 7:24:30 am

and sunset will be at 5:13:51 PM.

We will have 9 hours and 49 minutes of daylight.

The solar transit will take place at 12:19:10 pm.

The first low tide will be at 1:04 a.m. at 2.99 feet

The first high tide will be at 7:05 a.m. at 6.03 feet

The next low tide at 2:34 p.m. at 0.04 feet

and the last high tide at Ocean Beach tonight will be at 9:35 p.m. at 4.47 feet

The Moon is 76.8% visible

It’s a waxing gibbous

We will have the Full Moon in 4 days on Monday, January 17, 2022 at 3:49 p.m.

Today it’s…

Healthy Weight Day, Healthy Look

korean american day

Make your dream a reality

Melba National Fishing Day

national rubber duck day

national sticker day

Public Broadcasting Day

Stephen Foster Memorial Day

Today is also…

Constitution Day in Mongolia

Democracy Day in Cape Verde

Liberation Day in Togo

Old New Year in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Serbia, Montenegro, Republic Srpska, North Macedonia

Malanka in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus

Sidereal Winter Solstice Eve Celebrations in South and Southeast Asian Cultures

the last day of the six-month Dakshinayana period

Bhogi in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu

Lohri in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh

Uruka in Assam

Yennayer among the Berbers

On this day in history…

1822 – The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the first National Assembly in Epidaurus.

1888 – The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, DC

1898 – I accuse…! by Émile Zola exposes the Dreyfus Affair.

1910 – The first public radio broadcast takes place; a live performance of the operas Cavalleria rusticana and Pagliacci airs from the Metropolitan Opera House in New York.

1942 – Henry Ford patents a car made from soybeans, which is 30% lighter than a regular car.

1966 – Robert C. Weaver becomes the first African-American cabinet member when he is appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

1968 – Johnny Cash performs live at Folsom State Prison.

1990 – Douglas Wilder becomes the first elected African-American governor when he takes office as Governor of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia.

1993 – The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is signed.

2018 – A false warning of an impending missile strike in Hawaii causes widespread panic in the state.

2021 – Incumbent U.S. President Donald Trump is impeached for a second time for inciting insurrection following the seizing of the Capitol a week prior.

1832 – Horatio Alger, Jr., American novelist and journalist (died 1899)

…and if today is your birthday Happy birthday! You are sharing this special day with…

1886 – Sophie Tucker, Russian-born American singer and actress (died 1966)

1900 – Gertrude Mary Cox, American mathematician (died 1978)

1905 – Kay Francis, American actress (died 1968)

1925 – Gwen Verdon, American actress and dancer (died 2000)

1926 – Carolyn Gold Heilbrun, American author and scholar (died 2003)

1926 – Melba Liston, American trombonist and composer (died 1999)

1927 – Brock Adams, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th U.S. Secretary of Transportation (died 2004)

1927 – Liz Anderson, American singer-songwriter (died 2011)

1929 – Joe Pass, American guitarist and composer (died 1994)

1930 – Frances Sternhagen, American actress

1931 – Charles Nelson Reilly, American actor, comedian, director, game show panelist and television personality (died 2007)

1931 – Rip Taylor, American actor and comedian (died 2019)

1940 – Edmund White, American novelist, memoirist and essayist

1949 – Brandon Tartikoff, American screenwriter and producer (died 1997)

1953 – Silvana Gallardo, American actress and producer (died 2012)

1955 – Anne Pringle, English diplomat, British Ambassador to Russia

1957 – Claudia Emerson, American poet and scholar (died 2014)

1957 – Mary Glindon, English lawyer and politician

1961 – Julia Louis-Dreyfus, American actress, comedian and producer

1964 – Penelope Ann Miller, American actress

1970 – Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (died 2004)

1970 – Shonda Rhimes, American actress, director, producer and screenwriter

1975 – Andrew Yang, American entrepreneur, founder of Venture for America and 2020 Democratic presidential candidate

1977 – Orlando Bloom, English actor

1981 – Reggie Brown, American football player

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Yemen faces growing hunger and economic collapse amid escalating war, UN says https://libyamazigh.org/yemen-faces-growing-hunger-and-economic-collapse-amid-escalating-war-un-says/ Wed, 12 Jan 2022 08:00:00 +0000 https://libyamazigh.org/yemen-faces-growing-hunger-and-economic-collapse-amid-escalating-war-un-says/

Escalating military action in Yemen has displaced more than 15,000 people over the past month, killed or injured more than 350 civilians in December and left the Arab world’s poorest country facing growing hunger and a economic collapse with no political solution in sight, senior UN officials said on Wednesday. .

UN special envoy Hans Grundberg told the UN Security Council that in the seventh year of conflict, the warring parties appear to be seeking military victory. But, he said, “there is no durable long-term solution to be found on the battlefield” and both sides must talk even if they are not ready to lay down their arms.

Yemen’s civil war began in 2014 when Houthi rebels took the capital Sanaa and much of the north of the country, forcing the government to flee south and then into Saudi Arabia.

A Saudi-led coalition, backed at the time by the United States, went to war months later seeking to restore the government to power, but the alliance, like the Houthis and other factions combatant in Yemen, has been accused of perpetrating serious violations by rights groups. .

The conflict has since escalated into a regional proxy war that has killed tens of thousands of civilians and combatants. The war has also created the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, leaving millions to suffer food and medical shortages and pushing the country to the brink of famine.

“We seem to be entering a cycle of escalation once again with foreseeable devastating implications for civilians and for the immediate prospects for peace,” Grundberg told the council.

Iran-backed Houthi rebels continue their assault on the key town of Marib, the government’s last stronghold in northern Yemen, and fighting resumes in the southern province of Shabwa where the internationally recognized Yemeni government has taken over three districts from Houthis, he said. .

Elsewhere, airstrikes have increased not only on the front lines but also in Sanaa, including residential areas, and in the city of Taiz, he said, while fighting continues in southern Hodeidah, where the main port of the country is located, and that the attacks have multiplied. to neighboring Saudi Arabia.

Grundberg expressed concern that battles could escalate on other fronts, pointing to the recent seizure by the Houthis of a vessel flying the flag of the United Arab Emirates. He also called “worrying” accusations that the mainly Houthi-controlled ports of Hodeidah – a lifeline for delivering aid, food and fuel to the country – are militarised.

Ramesh Rajasingham, the UN’s deputy humanitarian affairs chief, said heavy fighting continued along dozens of front lines and that as of December 358 civilians were reported killed or injured, “a figure that is on par with highest in three years.

He said aid agencies helped 11 million Yemenis every month in 2021, but the UN World Food Program was forced to cut food aid to 8 million people due to a lack of food. funding. Other programs providing water, protection of civilians and reproductive health services have also been forced to scale back or close in recent weeks due to a lack of funds, he said.

Last year’s UN appeal for around $3.9 billion to help 16 million people was only 58% funded – the lowest level since 2015 – and Rajasingham said the he UN expects this year’s aid operation to require about as much money. He urged donors to maintain and if possible increase their support this year.

Rajaingham also called on the Houthis in particular to improve access for humanitarian personnel and to end attempts to interfere in their work. Despite assurances from the Houthis, he said, they had still not allowed access to two UN staff members detained in Sanaa in November.

While humanitarian aid is essential, Rajasingham pointed out that the main drivers of people’s needs are economic collapse accelerated by conflict.

He said humanitarian needs could be reduced by a resumption of foreign exchange injections through the Central Bank as well as policy decisions to lift import restrictions and use import revenues to pay for basic services provided by public institutions.

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Before voting, Libyans must speak out | Opinions https://libyamazigh.org/before-voting-libyans-must-speak-out-opinions/ Wed, 29 Dec 2021 13:57:21 +0000 https://libyamazigh.org/before-voting-libyans-must-speak-out-opinions/

On December 22, just two days before the scheduled date of the Libyan presidential election, the electoral commission announced the postponement of the poll. The High National Electoral Commission (HNEC) suggested January 24, 2022 as a new date for the polls, after a parliamentary commission overseeing the elections deemed them “impossible” to take place on December 24 as originally planned.

However, so far there is no agreement on the new date or electoral procedures, nor on whether or not to hold presidential and legislative elections on the same day. But the lack of consensus on these logistical issues is by far not the biggest problem.

There are currently major unresolved issues that polarize the country and, in the absence of an open dialogue to resolve them, holding elections on January 24 or any future date risks plunging the country into a new cycle of violence.

The puzzles of past elections

Holding elections in the midst of strong political polarization has already proved disastrous for peace in Libya. After the overthrow of long-time leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, Libyan and foreign actors rushed to the elections to revive the country’s political transition. But instead of bringing stability, the elections only worsened political and social tensions, resulting in repeated episodes of deadly violence.

On July 7, 2012, Libya held its first parliamentary vote since the collapse of the Gaddafi regime to elect the 200-member General National Congress (GNC). Although hailed as “free and fair” by the major Western powers and the UN, the elections did not bring stability to the country.

The major social and political divides had not been resolved, leading to unrest before and after the vote. Old grievances from the eastern and southern regions resurfaced, as their residents viewed the uneven geographic distribution of seats as a sign that their marginalization by Tripoli would also continue in post-Gaddafi Libya.

In addition, local political actors sought to weaken the GNC. Prior to the vote, the legislature was deprived of key powers, such as appointing a committee to draft the constitution and debate its provisions. Thus, the Tripoli-based GNC was born weak, suffering from limited powers and a lack of legitimacy. The cabinet he elected was also weakened.

This allowed rogue political actors to take advantage of interregional tensions for their own political gain. In February 2014, General Khalifa Haftar, a senior officer in Gaddafi’s army who had turned against him, launched his Operation Dignity, urging the Libyans to rebel against the GNC. In May, his forces stormed the GNC building in Tripoli and launched an offensive against armed groups in Benghazi.

With its mandate expired and the country falling into war, the GNC was forced to schedule new parliamentary elections in June. Amidst the violence and record turnout, the House of Representatives was elected. Many GNC members, mostly from the west, contested the results and refused to cede legislative power to the new body. Forces loyal to the GNC prevented the newly elected MPs from starting work. In November, the Libyan Supreme Court ruled that the June 25 elections were unconstitutional, but the House of Representatives, which had received UN recognition, ignored the resolution.

Thus, at the end of the year, the country was effectively divided between two camps: the General National Congress located in Tripoli, which acted as executive and was finally replaced in 2015 by the Government of National Accord (GNA). recognized by the UN, and the House of Representatives, which had moved from the capital to the eastern port city of Tobruk.

One of the main reasons why the elections failed to move the country forward was the lack of agreement between the various political actors in Libya and commitment to the basic political principles of democratic transition. Prior to undertaking these votes, no guarantees were put in place to ensure the acceptance and compliance of all parties with the final results. No meaningful steps have been taken to resolve the historic grievances of marginalized groups and preserve their representation in new state institutions. There was also no proper reconciliation between communities and tribes that had been involved in past violence.

The absence of these important elements of the transition process led to its eventual collapse. Gradually, the division over legitimacy and state representation dragged the country into a civil war between rival camps backed by regional actors.

It then took several years for the international community and Libyan civilian forces to try to relaunch the transition process. In 2020, a ceasefire was negotiated to end Haftar’s failed offensive on Tripoli. The Libya Political Dialogue Forum (LPDF) was then launched, supported by the United Nations Mission in Libya (UNSMI) and regional and international actors, such as Egypt, Turkey, Russia, France, United States and Italy – each with their own interests in Libya.

In 2021, the Government of National Unity (GNU) was formed as an interim institution to advance the political process in the country, and presidential elections were scheduled for December 24. Despite the GNU’s initial approval, the House of Representatives eventually passed a no-confidence vote against in September.

Continuous polarization

Long before the vote, it was clear that old divisions continue to fester and undermine the transition. There were several sticking points, which reflect the widespread polarization in Libya and which undermined the electoral process.

First, the Election Law, which described electoral procedures and the post-election institutional setup, was not accepted by all parties. The provisions of the law were drafted and adopted by the House of Representatives, which failed to properly consult other Libyan state institutions, such as the GNU, the Presidential Council and the High Council of State ( HSC).

The law was also drafted in such a way as to erect the Libyan political system into a presidential regime, giving the presidency significant powers. The provisions of the law also allow current electoral office holders to stand for election and then return to office if they lose.

Second, no consensus candidate, who could unite a divided Libya, was presented before the elections. In fact, the first in the race were all division figures. Among them: GNU Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh, who decided to run despite his promise not to do so; Aguila Saleh, Speaker of the House of Representatives and close ally of Haftar; Haftar himself; and finally, Saif al-Islam Kadhafi, one of Kadhafi’s sons, accused of crimes against humanity and wanted by the International Criminal Court and the Attorney General of Tripoli.

Saif al-Islam’s candidacy, in particular, has sparked a great deal of outrage among Libyans, who are dismayed that an election designed to put the country back on the path of democratic transition could bring the Gaddafi regime back. While he is the most controversial of these favorites, the others are also quite problematic. It is clear that they all want to come forward to restore or protect their positions and privileges and would be unable to defuse tensions, bring the country closer together and gain the support of all regional actors.

Third, just like in 2012 and 2014, there does not appear to be a consensus on the “rules of the game” before the presidential vote. The main political actors – backed by various armed groups – clearly disagreed about what would happen after the election, how the transfer of power would take place and how recognition of the results by all would be guaranteed.

In addition, there are no neutral security forces or a unified army that could ensure the calm of the vote, no neutral judiciary that could settle disputes, and no independent media that could keep the Libyan people properly informed. More importantly, there is no reconciliation among Libyans as old and new grievances continue to fester and various communities continue to be marginalized.

The path to follow

The UN, along with the international community, has tried to close its eyes to the internal divisions between the main Libyan actors and pushed the Libyans to organize elections at all costs, as it has done in the past, to the detriment of the nation.

It is clear that holding elections under these circumstances, which are quite similar to those of 2012 and 2014, if not worse, will not lead to peace and stability in Libya. This is why the postponement of the vote must be seen as an opportunity to prevent the country from descending into a new cycle of violence.

In order to put Libya back on a path of peaceful transition, the country needs a new national dialogue supported by the UN and the international community. It should bring together all Libyan stakeholders, including civil society, representatives of ethnic minorities (such as Amazighs and Tebu), marginalized areas (such as Fezza) and marginalized groups (such as women and youth) and seek to build consensus on the electoral process, relevant legislation, transfer of power and the division of powers between state institutions.

The main political actors should publicly declare their commitment to the electoral process, commit to respecting the final results and prepare to cede their power. The dialogue is also expected to result in a roadmap to address other critical issues of the transitional period, such as the drafting of a new constitution, the reunification of state institutions – especially the military – reform security sector and reconciliation among Libyans.

A decade after the fall of the Gaddafi regime, it is time for Libya and its international partners to learn from the mistakes of the past. Rushing the Libyans to hold one more election amidst severe polarization and latent grievances will lead to more instability and violence. Libya has the potential to emerge from its failed state, but to do so, it needs the support of the international community to hold a national dialogue and move forward towards peace and reconciliation.

The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial position of Al Jazeera.

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Praise of Joseph R. Applegate, a world-renowned linguist who spoke 13 languages https://libyamazigh.org/praise-of-joseph-r-applegate-a-world-renowned-linguist-who-spoke-13-languages/ Wed, 22 Dec 2021 17:30:00 +0000 https://libyamazigh.org/praise-of-joseph-r-applegate-a-world-renowned-linguist-who-spoke-13-languages/

Linguist Joseph Roye Applegate spoke 13 languages ​​and could read and write several more. Better known as the first black faculty member of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Applegate created the first doctorate. African studies program in the United States

Applegate, who became a specialist in Berber languages ​​from North Africa, was born on December 4, 1925 in Wildwood, New Jersey, a seaside resort where his parents ran a boarding house often used by black artists. When his family moved to South Philadelphia, he began to interact with Yiddish and Italian classmates, which sparked his fascination with the language.

Applegate entered Temple University on a college scholarship and studied secondary education and Spanish. He was athletic and while in Temple he joined the varsity fencing team and began to enjoy modern dance. He even auditioned successfully for Katherine Dunham’s troupe during his senior year in 1945, but he would give up dancing for education.

It is reported that between 1946 and 1955, Applegate taught Spanish and English in vocational schools and high schools in Philadelphia and was active in unionizing teachers. After earning his masters and doctorate in linguistics from the University of Pennsylvania, Applegate became an assistant professor of modern languages ​​at MIT.

He became the institute’s first black faculty member and worked on a project to study mechanical translation of languages ​​in 1955. While working on the project, he connected with other good linguists. known as professor and author Noam Chomsky.

It was from 1956 to 1960 that Applegate was Assistant Professor of Modern Languages ​​at MIT, teaching courses that included German and intermediate and advanced subjects in “English for Foreign Students”. In 1959, he became director of the new language laboratory at MIT.

But in 1960, the mechanical translation project had not progressed, because “we could not accurately describe the translation process,” he explained.

Applegate left MIT for the University of California at Los Angeles to teach Berber languages ​​for six years. He then moved to Howard University in 1966 to teach Romance languages, but soon became director of the Africa Studies and Research Program. It was then that he launched the country’s first doctorate. African studies program.

Applegate ran the Africa Studies and Research program until 1969, but some students raised concerns while he was the leader. He said these students wanted a program that “parallels the burgeoning African identification movement,” the Washington Post reported. As someone who was not into racial politics in academia, Applegate worked at Howard to train Americans and those of African descent to “think and research the problems of contemporary Africa,” added the Washington Post.

Prior to retiring in 2002, Applegate was a former President of the Howard Faculty Senate. Professor Emeritus of African Studies at Howard, Applegate died on October 18, 2003 at the Washington Home Hospice. He was 78 years old and suffered from pneumonia.

During his career in education, he traveled to Africa to explore the local language and culture. According to the Washington Post, the professor once traveled with the Tuaregs, Berber-speaking pastors who live in the Saharan and Sahelian regions. The Tuaregs are known as the “Blue People” for their turbans and indigo blue dresses which protect them while moving around in a harsh climate.

“When the wind blows and the frosted glass hits your skin, you could be cut to pieces if you aren’t wrapped in this blue material,” Applegate said in an interview, according to the Washington Post.

Applegate has also worked as a consultant to the Ford Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the National Geographic Society. One of his best-known works to date is a book chapter, “A Grammar of Shilha: The Berber Languages,” which appeared in Current Trends in Linguistics in 1970.

He also published a 71-page monograph on the Moroccan Berber language titled An Outline of the Structure of Shilha, 1958.

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Living together: religious coexistence in Morocco https://libyamazigh.org/living-together-religious-coexistence-in-morocco/ Mon, 20 Dec 2021 17:33:00 +0000 https://libyamazigh.org/living-together-religious-coexistence-in-morocco/

By Mohamed El Kadiri
Marrakech, Morocco

The fascinating site we encountered is located in Erfoud, a small, quiet town in the south-eastern part of Morocco, about 70 km from Errachidia. Our visit was initially aimed at following the fruit trees distributed to farmers in the region as part of the 1 million trees campaign launched by the High Atlas Foundation (HAF) and its partners. But we were struck by the region’s rich, long history, filled with neighborhoods, Ksour (fortified villages) and cemeteries. Everything suggested that we had set foot in a unique city. We were at the heart of Moroccan Amazigh, Jewish and Arab history, as well as the African roots of Morocco.

Erfoud is an ancient town characterized by its natural diversity, teeming with palm trees that cover much of the region. Erfoud is also considered the largest oasis on the African continent. In addition to this, the city is known for its rich historical, cultural and religious diversity, which we witnessed during our visit. This diversity has long existed with humanity, helping us to remind ourselves that the hallmark of humanity is the acceptance of the differences that have given rise to multiculturalism and religious diversity.

The Jewish cemetery is what caught our attention the most. We were moved by the poor conditions of a cemetery considered to be part of the rich heritage of our country. We discovered the existence of this site thanks to our constant communication and collaboration with the inhabitants of the region. By discussing the programs that the High Atlas Foundation implements with its partners as well as its areas of competence, we learned of the existence of the old Jewish cemetery in the region dating from the pre-colonial period. Accompanied by members of the Ghaith Al-Khair cooperative, we headed to the two-hectare cemetery located next to Oued Ziz (Ziz River) and where Jews of all ages — men, women, children, as well as Sheikhs (Chiefs of tribes) —were buried.

A sage who joined our visit spoke about the graves, referring to the rich oral history of the Moroccan peoples. “The death of a sheikh in North Africa is like burning down an entire library.” Among the tombs we noticed Hebrew inscriptions on the tombstones. It was sad to see how neglected and abandoned the cemetery had resulted in areas of the cemetery where the remains of the deceased had resurfaced. It was like a total disrespect for the dead. We were really moved by the situation, knowing that all religions pay particular attention to respecting the remains of the deceased in general, the Jewish teachings in particular.

As a young Moroccan, I was struck by what I witnessed, and as a Muslim who respects all people regardless of their religious, cultural or intellectual and ideological backgrounds, I could not condone the situation. Considering the sanctity of the Jewish funeral tradition, it was an ethical and national duty to find ways to restore the sanctity of the dead with the aim of reviving Judeo-Moroccan culture, as well as historical and civilizational ties. In fact, I was not the only one who felt this; even residents and civil society actors were moved by the deteriorating conditions of this historic site.

Faced with this unfortunate situation, I started by deliberating with the civil associations in the region to obtain more information and data on the site. We were able to coordinate with the Ghaith Al-Khair cooperative and have a meeting with its president Zakaria Al Khmari. During our meeting we agreed on how the current situation poorly reflects the image of the culture and people of the region which is normally characterized by conviviality and coexistence.

After our discussion, it occurred to us the urgency of implementing the first phase, starting with the restoration of the ruined tombs while respecting their spiritual value and their sacred character. Thus, with the support of the High Atlas Foundation, a project to organize restoration workshops for the entire cemetery is being considered.

What Erfoud has witnessed over time is the reality of cohabitation and interfaith concepts in real life. These values ​​were instilled in Moroccans a long time ago. We have inherited them from our ancestors and it is our duty to pass them on to future generations. Throughout this unique experience, I had the chance to understand the importance of these values.

In addition, we were very happy to see how young people in the area were engaged and working with the Ghait Al Kheir cooperative to help restore the graves. Once again, it made me realize the importance of solidarity. Working together to implement this activity will allow us, first of all, to preserve human dignity and to contribute to the preservation of our material heritage. Thus, we participate in the revitalization and maintenance of the diversity of Morocco in terms of languages, dialects, faiths, ethnicities and tribes. The ultimate objective is to shed light on the Moroccan heritage and to contribute to the preservation of the heritage of our country.

Moreover, the experience revealed the vulnerability and fragility of the structures in this region. It was truly a touching experience, through which I determined that much more needed to be done to preserve Morocco’s many identities. It has also occurred to me that religious and tribal affiliations are threatened if we do not come together to realize that as citizens it is our responsibility to preserve the heritage and history of our country as they all belong to us. .

Mohamed El Kadiri is a member of the Youth Conservation Corps Morocco pilot program, which is supported by the United States Forest Service and implemented by the High Atlas Foundation.

This article was produced with the support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Activity of religious and ethnic minorities, and the High Atlas Foundation is solely responsible for its content, which does not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States government.

© Scoop Media

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Arabic calligraphy on the list of intangible cultural heritage of Unesco https://libyamazigh.org/arabic-calligraphy-on-the-list-of-intangible-cultural-heritage-of-unesco/ Tue, 14 Dec 2021 19:10:25 +0000 https://libyamazigh.org/arabic-calligraphy-on-the-list-of-intangible-cultural-heritage-of-unesco/

Muscat – Oman, represented by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Youth, through a common Arab application file, has succeeded in inscribing Arabic calligraphy on the representative list of Unesco Intangible cultural heritage of humanity.

The declaration came during the meeting of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, which is currently taking place in Paris and continues until December 18.

The joint dossier was submitted under the supervision of the Arab Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization, with the participation of 16 Arab countries, and was presented in early 2020 to Unesco for examination.

It met all the criteria for inscription of cultural elements on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

The 16 Arab countries are Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

Arabic calligraphy is widespread in all the territories of the candidate states. Although it is associated with the Arabic language, there are regions and areas within these states where it is used where the native language of local communities is not Arabic, for example Nubia in Egypt and the United States. Sudan, the Amazigh regions in Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria and Mauritania, Circassian districts in Amman – Jordan, Kurdish and Turkmen areas in Iraq and Lebanon.

In all of the candidate states, bearers and practitioners of Arabic calligraphy are mostly members of urban communities, where it is practiced in daily life.

Arabic calligraphers include individuals of both sexes belonging to different religious groups and ethnic communities using the Arabic script.

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